Flora and Fauna in the Baltic States
The Baltic States, hugging the south coast of the Baltic Sea and extending inland, offer vast expanses of forest and barely untouched wilderness where you can almost feel you’re travelling backing time, there’s so little disruption from we humans. Verdant flora and robust fauna abound in the region, as will your delight at discovering them!
The landscapes of Estonia are surprisingly diverse: enchanting swamps and rich flora and fauna are just some of the treasures awaiting your visit. Estonia is almost 50% forest, mostly pine, studded with crystal clear lakes and rivers. Coastal attractions are forest-edged deserted beaches, clear night skies, limestone cliffs, waterfalls and the sandy-bottomed Baltic Sea. Yet perhaps for you it will be the meteor craters, juniper bushes and seals on one of Estonia’s 1500+ islands that grab your attention. If luck is with you, lynx, flying squirrels, bears, wolves or one of the many species of rare orchids growing wild are some of the unforgettable sights you’ll see in surprising Estonia.
Beavers and bears live in Latvia, not to mention roe deer, red deer, elk, wild boars, foxes, wolves and even lynx. In fact, foxes have been seen even in the green, park-covered centre of Riga, while two families of beavers are causing a headache for the park management by gnawing on the greenery. While bird-watching at Riga’s “gateway to the sea” at Mangaļsala Islandyou could be lucky to spot a seal. Head to the Līgatne nature park to meander along open enclosures containing bears, bison, elk, wolves, lynx and other animals. Wild horses (tarpans), couldn’t drag you away? And how about some aurochs and even bison?. In order to see them, make plans to explore the Pape nature park.
The most beautiful and valuable natural places in Lithuania are protected in 30 regional parks, 254 reserves, 2 cultural and 3 nature reserves and 1 biosphere reserve! At nature reserves you can learn from interpretive museum expositions and on tours guided by a qualified nature guide. Wooden paths cover the wetland floor, giving you the opportunity to sweep the horizons of the high marshes from review towers and listen to the birds’ calls.